@selfsame I'm increasingly convinced that technology IS debt.
All code is technical debt in the same way that municipal infrastructure is technical debt. (I can point you at a rabbit-hole of articles-I-found-fascinating on this subject.)
That doesn't *automatically* mean it's not worth the investment, but it certainly can end up costing more than it's worth... and that cost can be weaponized.
As an example of technology-as-debt going beyond code, take China's concrete debt. The country has poured more concrete in a decade than the US did in a century. But concrete doesn't last forever -- well-maintained half-life is about 100 years, poorly maintained is half that or less. That clock is ticking, and has both interest (maintenance) and principle (replacement) components.
I've got a bunch of them stashed here (all from the same site, but not all the same author): https://issuepedia.org/Issuepedia:Filing_Room/to_file/2019#10_.28Wed.29_2
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